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Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage:

The Chlorine Chemistry Foundation® is helping to promote the use of simple, low-cost technologies to disinfect and safely store water for household use. These technologies can provide tremendous public health benefits to the more than 1.1 billion people who rely on water from unsafe sources. While the ultimate goal should be safe water piped to every home, household water treatment, together with safe storage, is an effective and immediate solution.

A growing body of research demonstrates that point-of use treatment with chlorine disinfectants dramatically improves the microbial quality of water and can reduce the risk of diarrhoeal disease by 25-50%.

Household approaches, including treatment with chlorine-based disinfectants, have been shown to be extremely cost effective, rapidly deployable, and can lead to significant health gains.

- World Health Organization


PUR Water in Ethiopian Schools

The Chlorine Chemistry Foundation is helping to provide safe drinking water to schools in Ethiopia, where poor water conditions lead to thousands of childhood deaths each year. A 2006 grant to Save the Children U.S. was used to purchase and distribute 250,000 PUR water purification sachets to schools in rural communities. PUR, developed by Proctor & Gamble (P&G) in collaboration with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), produces high-quality drinking water from otherwise unsafe sources. It contains calcium hypochlorite for disinfection and flocculants that cause dirt and other impurities to precipitate from water. This pilot program, a partnership with P&G and Population Services International, is an initial step in a broader, long-term effort to build sustainable commercial markets for household water treatment products in Ethiopia. Partners hope to expand quickly to reach thousands more children in 2007.

WHO's Household Water Treatment Network:

Promoting simple, low cost water technologies on a global scale

The Chlorine Chemistry Foundation is helping to promote the widespread adoption of household water treatment and safe storage by supporting a network of organizations implementing various projects around the world. Organized by the World Health Organization, the International Network to Promote Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage (The Network) includes a diverse group of humanitarian relief organizations, government agencies, research institutions, and the private companies. Through the Chlorine Chemistry Foundation, World Chlorine Council member associations provide financial support for Network activities, including:

  • Independent research to evaluate technologies and practices,
  • Communications among members and other stakeholders,
  • Advocacy to educate decision makers and funders about household water programs, and
  • Sharing tools and information to improve project implementation.

[Read more about the Network]

Health Impact Study in Ghana

The Chlorine Chemistry Foundation is supporting a safe water evaluation program in Tamale, Ghana. The study, conducted by CDC, Emory University and The University of Development Studies and New Energy in Tamale, will measure the impact on diarrheal disease in households using Aquatabs for point of use water disinfection. Aquatabs (which contain sodium dichloroisocyanurate as the active ingredient) have been used for years in emergency relief efforts. However, long-term use has been limited because no health impact studies have been conducted. As with other CDC safe water system programs, water treatment is combined with hygiene education safe water storage in the home. Results of the study will be published in 2007.

Safe Water in Bangladesh:

Combating Diarrhea with a Household-based Water Treatment and Storage System

The Chlorine Chemistry Foundation has supported the pilot testing of a community-based implementation of the Safe Water System (SWS) among residents of Baoniabad, a slum community comprised of 2,600 families in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The project is coordinated by the CDC Foundation, an independent, non-profit enterprise that forges effective partnerships between the U.S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and others to fight threats to health and safety.

In Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, nearly 90% of source water samples in one neighborhood were found to have been contaminated with fecal coliform bacteria and Escherichia coli. Contamination rates were even higher in stored drinking water samples inside homes. By implementing the Safe Water System among residents of Baoniabad, the CDC Foundation aims to increase awareness of how diarrheal disease can be prevented, and to evaluate the acceptability of in-home chlorination and storage containers among Bangladeshi families.

The project is being implemented by a locally-based non-governmental organization with a strong history of commitment to the Dhaka slum population. The intervention includes delivering behavior change messages related to water and health, in-home chlorination of water with a locally-produced sodium hypochlorite solution, and promotion of safe containers for water storage.

[Read more about CDC Foundation and the Safe Water System]


The Foundation for Chemistry Research & Initatives is a tax-exempt public foundation described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Contributions, gifts or bequests made to the The Foundation for Chemistry Research & Initative are deductible as charitable contributions. EIN 52-1945222.

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